1. ^ Information in this paragraph about the history of the church buildings and about Reverend Jedediah Chapman was drawn from the following four sources. The pertinent information was in general agreement throughout these four sources, but each supplied different information, with some overlap.
• James Hoyt, "The Mountain Society" A History of the First Presbyterian Church of Orange, N.J. (New York: C.M. Saxton, Barker & Co, 1860) Available to be read at the Internet Archive here
▸ Pages 46 -52 describe the creation of the first building. Hoyt explains there is uncertainty about the exact time, but he concludes the first building was constructed in 1719.
▸ Page 96 describes the creation of the second building in 1754.
▸ Page 177 describes the creation of the third building in 1813.
▸ When Hoyt (who was then pastor of the church) wrote this book, the third building still existed, so there is no mention of the fourth and current building.
▸ Pages 121-122 describe Reverend Chapman's commitment to the cause of Independence, stating, "In the revolutionary struggle, Mr. Chapman espoused warmly the American cause" and mentions British attempts to capture him.
• A plaque on the side of the church has an inscription that contains the following text:
"The First, Second and Third Meeting Houses of Orange, erected 1719, 1754 and 1813 stood at Main and Day streets. These buildings erected 1927-28, the third edifice having been destroyed by fire, April 5, 1927."
▸ The first three years agree with Hoyt's work, except that 1719 is given as a specific year.
▸ The date of the fire and the building of the fourth church are not mentioned in Hoyt's book because these event had not happened yet when he wrote.
• David Lawrence Pierson, History of the Oranges to 1921: Reviewing the Rise, Development and Progress of an Influential Community, Volume 1 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1922) p. 135 -136
Describes accounts of Chapman and the British.
States that "Rev. Jedediah Chapman divided his time between the army and his parish."
Available to be read at Google Books here
• Daughters of the American Revolution list Chapman as having served as a chaplain to Colonel Ephraim Martin's troops. See the Daughters of the American Revolution Genealogical Research System, where Chapman is Ancestor # A020899
2. ^ Aliza Appelbaum of The Star-Ledger, "Historic Orange Church to Close Today", Posted on NJ.com July 18, 2010.
3. ^ David Lawrence Pierson, History of the Oranges to 1921: Reviewing the Rise, Development and Progress of an Influential Community, Volume 1 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1922) p. 46 Available to be read at Google Books here
Pierson states that the oldest stone was for Anthony Olive. He quotes the text of the stone as, "Here Lies the Body of Anthony Olive Who departed this life March the 16th in the Year 1723, dec.d 87 Yeare [sic]," so the original stone was presumably intact and fully legible when he wrote the book, but it is no longer.
The original stone was replaced in 1969 with a stone that reads, "Here lies the body of Anthony Olive who departed this life March the 16th in the year 1723 aged 87 years." A smaller stone next to it says that the original was replaced in 1969
by the 250th Anniversary Committee.
4. ^ • The inscription on the plaque on the side of the church mentioned in Source Note 1 also includes the following text: "British Forces encamped here in 1777."
• James Hoyt, "The Mountain Society" A History of the First Presbyterian Church of Orange, N.J. (New York: C.M. Saxton, Barker & Co, 1860) p. 124
"The British force then encamped in the old burying-ground."
Available to be read at the Internet Archive here.
5. ^ "Valiant men..." quote and the list of names is taken from the boulder plaque in the cemetery.
The plaque states that is was "Erected by Orange Mountain Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1931."
6. ^ Mary Pierson Williams' death date and age from her tombstone.
For more information about her and the Williams family, along with accompanying source notes, see the West Orange page of this website.
7. ^ Jemima Condict, Jemima Condict, Her Book: Being a Transcript of the Diary of an Essex County Maid During the Revolutionary War (Newark, N.J., The Carteret Book Club, 1930) Pages 51-52
Some of Jemima's other reactions to Revolutionary War era events include the following entries, which appear on pages 36-37 and 52 respectively. Spelling, capitalization and punctuation have been left uncorrected.
"Saturday October first 1774. It seams we have troublesome times a Coming for there is great Disturbance a Broad in the earth & they say it is tea that caused it. So then if they will Quarel about such a trifling thing as that What must we expect But war & I think or at least fear it will be so"
[The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773, almost ten months before this entry. So Jemima must be reacting here to growing tensions and events after the Boston Tea Party, rather than the event itself.]
"Monday Wich was Called Training Day I Rode with my Dear father Down to see them train there Being Several Companys met togehter. I thought It Would Be a mournful Sight to see if they had been fighting in earnest & how soon they will be Calld forth to the feild of war we Cannot tell for by what What we Can hear the Quarels are not likely to be made up Without bloodshed. I have just Now heard Say that All hopes of Conciliation Between Briten & her Colonies are at an end for Both the king & his Parliment have announced our Destrucktion: fleet and armies are Prepareing with utmost diligence for that Purpose.”
[This entry, which is marked simply "Monday," was most likely made on April 3, 10, or 17, 1775.]
In addition to her reaction to news about the war, Jemima's diary entries also record details of her daily life, her thoughts on marriage, and the deaths of many of her neighbors to disease. Jemima attended the First Presbyterian Church in Orange, and she also mentions sermons preached by Reverend Jedediah Chapman at the church.
8. ^ • Orange Centennial Association, 1807 - 1907, Souvenir History of the Oranges, N.J. and Program Exercises of the Centennial Celebration, June 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15, 1907 (Orange, NJ: Press of the Orange Journal, 1907) p. 35 - 49
Available to be read at Google Books here
▸ This booklet provides details and photographs about the history of the Dispatch Rider statue, as well as the restoration of the cemetery. It is highly recommended to anyone looking for more information.
It is worth looking through the booklet for the 1907 ads for local businesses alone. I particularly love the ad on page 34.
• Sons of the American Revolution Magazine, July 8, 1907, as reprinted in Sons of the American Revolution Magazine, Volumes 2-7 p. 12-13 Available to be read at Google Books here
▸ This short notice quotes speeches given at the unveiling which do not appear in the souvenir booklet, including a speech from the statue's sculpture, Frank Edwin Elwell.
• A plaque on the side of the statue's base reads, "This statue was dedicated Friday June 14th 1907, centennial of the first town meeting of Orange, also the 130th anniversary of the adoption of the Stars and Stripes as our national emblem. In memory of the men and women of this community who assisted in establishing American Independence."
▸ Orange was formed as a Township several months before that first town meeting. It was created from a portion of Newark, which was then much larger than it is today, by an act passed by the New Jersey Legislature on November 26, 1806. The text of the act can be read in:
Joseph Bloomfield, compiler, Laws of the State of New Jersey (Trenton: James J. Wilson, 1811) p. 173 - 174 Available to be read at Google Books here.
▸ ▸ Later adjustments to the size and boundaries of Orange and Newark, as well as their status as towns/townships/cities, were made up until the twentieth century. Details can be found in:
John F. Snyder, The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968 (Trenton: Bureau of Geology and Topography, 1969) p. 129 - 131 Available as a PDF on the State of New Jersey website here.
9. ^ For details about the Bicentennial Tree plantings throughout the country, see:
George Washington Bicentennial Commission, Activities of the Commission and Complete-Final Report of the United States George Washington Bicentennial Commission, Volume V (Washington, D.C.: George Washington Bicentennial Commission, 1932) "The Planting of Memorial Trees" chapter, pages 205-213
Available to be read at the Internet Archive here
10. ^ The plaque states that is was placed by the following organizations:
• Essex Chapter, D.A.R.
• Orange Mountain Chapter, D.A.R.
• Hannah Arnett Chapter, D.A.R.
• Mistress Mary Williams Chapter, D.A.R.
• Orange Chapter D.R.
• Janice Meredith Chapter D.R.
• Orange Chapter, S.A.R.
• The Old Burying Ground Association
The plaque states that it was placed in October 1929, which was the 148th anniversary of the Battle of Yorktown.
There appears to have been a date listed, but the number is no longer readable. If it was placed on the exact anniversary of the surrender, it would have been on the 19th, but that may not have been the case.
I would like to thank Krista White, the Digital Humanities Librarian of the John Cotton Dana Library at Rutgers University - The State University of New Jersey. She took the time to locate, scan, and send me some documents which were used in my research for this page.