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Cranbury, New Jersey Revolutionary War Sites
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Revolutionary War New Jersey
Cranbury NJ

American Encampment Site Marker
South Main St.,
Between Evans Dr. and Scott Ave.
Map / Directions to the American Encampment site
Map / Directions to all Cranbury Revolutionary War Sites

On June 19, 1778, George Washington's army left their famous Valley Forge encampment after spending the previous six months there. They made their way across New Jersey through Lambertville, Mount Airy, Hopewell and Kingston. They were in pursuit of British forces who had evacuated Philadelphia the day before, and who were marching across New Jersey to New York.

On June 26, 1778, Washington and his army arrived in Cranbury. On that day, General Washington met with Colonel Alexander Hamilton and General Lafayette at the house of Dr. Hezekiah Stites. (See next entry).  Two days later, they fought the Battle of Monmouth. A plaque in a field overlooking Brainerd Lake commemorates the encampment of Washington and the troops in Cranbury. [1]

Washington wrote to Congress several days after the Battle of Monmouth. In the following excerpt from that letter, Washington gave some details about the encampment in Cranbury, which he spells as "Cranberry": [2]

"In the evening of [June 25, 1778] the whole army marched from Kingston, where our baggage was left, with intention to preserve a proper distance for supporting the advanced corps, and arrived at Cranberry early the next morning. The intense heat of the weather, and a heavy storm unluckily coming on, made it impossible to resume our march that day without great inconvenience and injury to the troops. Our advanced corps, being differently circumstanced, moved from the position it had held the night before, and took post in the evening on the Monmouth road about five miles from the enemy's rear, in expectation of attacking them next morning on their march. The main body having remained at Cranberry, the advanced corps was found to be too remote, and too far upon the right, to be supported in case of an attack either upon or from the enemy; which induced me to send orders to the Marquis [de Lafayette] to file off by his left towards Englishtown, which he accordingly executed early in the morning of the 27th."

Revolutionary War New Jersey
Dr. Hezekiah Stites House
Cranbury, New Jersey

Cranbury, New Jersey

Site of the Dr. Hezekiah Stites House<
53 South Main St.
Map / Directions to the Dr. Hezekiah Stites House Site
Map / Directions to all Cranbury Revolutionary War Sites

This house is a private residence.
Please respect the privacy and property of the owners.

Colonel Alexander Hamilton and General Lafayette both arrived in Cranbury on June 25, 1776, at the house of Dr. Hezekiah Stites, which stood at this location. Lafayette stayed the night at the Stites house; Hamilton left to head towards Hightstown and Allentown. General Washington and the main body of the army arrived in Cranbury the next morning and Washington joined Lafayette at the Stites house. Plans were made here for what would become the Battle of Monmouth, which took place on June 28. [3]

The owner of the house, Dr. Hezekiah Stites, is buried a quarter mile from here at Brainerd Cemetery (See next lower on this page). The house itself was demolished circa 1850. The site is marked by these two plaques on the gate in front of the current house.

Revolutionary War New Jersey
Cranbury NJ

The Cranbury Inn
21 South Main St.,
Map / Directions to the Cranbury Inn
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The Cranbury Inn, which is still a working restaurant, was established as Handley's Tavern in 1780 by Richard Handley. Handley served as a Colonel of the 3rd Regiment Cavalry, N.J. Militia in the Revolutionary War.

Handley died in 1808, and the building was converted into the United States Hotel by Captain Timothy Horner, who had also served in the Revolutionary War. It became the Cranbury Inn in 1920. The building has been expanded by its current owners. [4]

Both Richard Handley and Timothy Horner are buried in Brainerd Cemetery. (See next entry)

Revolutionary War New Jersey
Cranbury, New Jersey
Cranbury, NJ

Cranbury, New Jersey
Brainerd Cemetery

Brainerd Cemetery at Presbyterian Church
22 South Main St.
Map / Directions to the Brainerd Cemetery
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There are 80 Revolutionary War veterans buried in the church's cemetery: [5]

Andrew Applegate 1757-1839
Joseph Applegate 1762-1843
Anthony Appleget 1719-1806
Robert Ayres 1754-1846
Woolsey Baldwin 1756-1832
Charles Barclay 1732-1813
Robert Barclay 1737-1818
Lt Farrington Barricklo 1756 -1817
John Barricklo 1753-1820
John B. Bergen 1739-1808
P. John Bergen 1745-1830
James Bodine 1754-1836
Nathaniel Brittain 1768-1837
Jeremiah Brown 1763-1846
Eli Carson 1758-1850
James Chambers 1730-1785
Jonathan Combs 1710-1800
William Covenhoven 1742-1803
Isaac Davis 1724 - 1796
John Davison 1750-1822
Robert Davison 1729-1803
William Davison 1735-1826
Anthony Denton 1733-1826
Aaron DeWitt 1760-1827
Peter DeWitt 1734-1809
Joseph Dey 1749-1834
Peter Dey 1746-1811

John Duncan 1727-1794
John Dye (Dey) 1753-1815
William Dye (Dey) 1754-1824
John Embly 1744-1828
John A. Ervin 1743-1825
John Groves 1748-1841
Abraham Gulick 1756-1842
Cornelius Gulick 1747-1832
James Gulick 1758-1811
Peter Gulick 1732-1798
Richard Handley 1753-1808
John Herbert 1722-1798
John Hoagland 1763-1825
Capt. Joseph Holman 1740-1808
Timothy Horner 1754-1838
Nathaniel Hunt 1744-1825
Daniel Johnes 1742-1823
Matthias Johnson 1721-1794
Samuel Karr (Carr) 1741 - 1818
Samuel Longstreet 1735-1829
Abraham Lott 1743 -1815
Capt. George McAroy 1742-1810
Robert McChesney 1758-1835
Lt. Andrew McDowell 1757-1834
Robert Mershon 1746-1814
William Mershon 1761-1834
Paul Miller 1758-1828

Rescarrick Moore 1755-1835
Humphrey Mount 1746-1801
Matthias Mount 1706 -1791
Matthias Mount 1734 -1807
James Patton 1726-1798
Sgt. John Perrine 1744-1809
William Perrine 1742-1820
Joseph Riggs 1740-1829
Andrew Rowan 1747-1831
John Rue 1755-1844
Mathew Rue 1740 -1824
Richard Scott 1735-1815
Henry Silcock 1721-1800
Gabriel Sillcock 1752-1825
Capt. William Smith 1713-1791
Thomas Soden 1747-1820
Hezekiah Stites M.D. 1726-1796
Lt. John Story 1746-1802
Henry Stults 1755-1833
Peter Stults 1759-1829
John Wetherill 1741-1810
John Wetherill 1730-1814
Thomas Wetherill 1740-1817
John Wiley 1738-1796
Jacob Wycoff 1763-1833z
John Wycoff 1753-1824

Revolutionary War New Jersey
Colonel David Chambers House - Cranbury
Cranbury, New Jersey

Colonel David Chambers House
North Main St., near Scott Ave.
Map / Directions to the Colonel David Chambers House
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This house is a private residence.
Please respect the privacy and property of the owners.

This house was built by Colonel David Chambers circa 1790. [6] David Chambers was born in 1748 in Trenton. He served as a colonel in the Revolutionary War in both the Hunterdon County militia and the New Jersey State Troops. He fought at the battles of Germantown and Monmouth. He died in Cranbury in 1842. [7] Colonel Chambers is buried at the Westminster Cemetery, located on Westminster Place, about a quarter mile from this house.

Revolutionary War New Jersey

Source Notes:

1. ^ This sign was erected by the Cranbury Historical & Preservation Society

For more information and accompanying source notes about the other locations mentioned in this entry, see the Lambertville, Mount Airy, Hopewell and Manalapan pages of this website.

2. ^ Washington's letter to the President of Congress, sent from Englishtown, 1 July, 1778, reprinted in:
George Washington, Edited by Jared Sparks, The Writings of George Washington, Volume V (Boston: Ferdinand Andrews, 1839) Pages 422 - 429 (The quoted paragraph appears on pages 423-424)
Available to be read at Google Books here

3. ^ For the arrival of Hamilton and Lafayette on the evening of June 25, 1778, and Hamilton's departure that evening, see the following letters and accompanying notes on the website of the National Archives:

Washington's arrival on June 26 is attested to in his letter to the President of Congress mentioned in Source Note 2 above.
In addition, there are two of Washington's letters that appear in the same The Writings of George Washington, Volume V dated "Cranberry, 26 June, 1778," which appear on pages 418 - 419.

The plaques on the gate of the current house were erected by the Cranbury Historical & Preservation Society

4. ^ Walking Tour - Historic Cranbury pamphlet (Cranbury Historical & Preservation Society, 2006)

5. ^ Names taken from a marker at the front of the cemetery, which lists the book Cranbury, Past and Present by Ruth Walsh (published 1975) as its source.

6. ^ 1790 date, and house identified as being built by Colonel Chambers drawn from the Cranbury Historical & Preservation Society plaque on the house.

7. ^ Information about Colonel Chambers was drawn from:

Jenn Winslow Coltrane - Historian General, Lineage Book - National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution / Volume LVII (Washington D.C: Press of Judd & Detweiler, Inc, 1921) p.302 
Available to be read at Google Books here

William S. Stryker, Official Register of the Officers and Men of New Jersey in the Revolutionary War (Trenton: Wm. T. Nicholson & Co., 1872) page 351.
The entry for David Chambers states:
"Colonel, Third Regiment, Hunterdon, June 19th, 1776; Colonel, battalion, State troops, November 27th, 1776; Colonel, Second Regiment, Hunterdon September 9th, 1777; resigned May 28th, 1779"
Available to be read at Google Books here