Trenton, New Jersey Revolutionary War Sites
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REVOLUTIONARY WAR SITES IN TRENTON, NEW JERSEY

Revolutionary War Sites in Trenton New Jersey
TRENTON BATTLE MONUMENT
Trenton Battle Monument
Trenton Battle Monument
Trenton, NJ
Trenton Battle Monument
Trenton Battlefield Park
Trenton, New Jersey
Trenton Battle Monument
N Warren St. and Tucker St.
Map / Directions to the Trenton Battle Monument
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

Trenton Battle Monument Website
609-737-0623

OPEN YEAR ROUND:
Open Daily form Dawn to Dusk

ADMISSION: Free

At this time, there is no admission to the inside of the monument. However the monument can be visited; the grounds around it are open.

This monument, which commemorates the December 26, 1776 American victory at the Battle of Trenton, was unveiled in 1893. The Trenton Battle Monument was designed by John H. Duncan, who was also the architect of President Grant's Tomb in New York City. It stands 148 feet high. On the top of the monument is a statue of George Washington, with his right arm outstretched, pointing toward the site of his victory. The Washington statue and the two bronze statues of Continental soldiers at the entrance, were made by William O'Donovan. O'Donovan was a noted 19th century sculptor of monuments, busts and bas.  [1]

Trenton NJ Historic Sites
ST MARY'S CHURCH
Site of the Colonel Rall Headquarters

Trenton, New Jersey
Trenton, New Jersey

St. Mary's Cathedral
151 North Warren St.
Map / Directions to St. Mary's Church

Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

This was the site of the house which was used as the Headquarters of Hessian Commander Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall. Rall was mortally wounded in the Battle of Trenton, December 26, 1776. He died the following day. He is buried in the Trenton First Presbyterian Church Cemetery. (See entry lower on this page)

From November 30, 1784 to January 5, 1785 the house was the official residence of Richard Henry Lee, President of the Continental Congress, which was then in session in Trenton.  [2]

SITE OF JOHN FITCH'S GUN SHOP
John Fitch's Gun Shop - Trenton NJ Trenton NJ
Trenton NJ Trenton NJ
John Fitch's Gun Shop - Revolutionary War Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
John Fitch's Gun Shop
Historic Sites in Trenton, NJ

Site of John Fitch's Gun Shop
149 North Warren St.
Map / Directions to the John Fitch's Gun Shop
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

Lt. John Fitch (1743 - 1798) who served as New Jersey's official state armorer during the Revolutionary War, operated his gunshop at this site. [3] When Hessian soldiers occupied Trenton in December 1776, Fitch and other known supporters of the American cause fled the city. He then served in the militia in Buck's County, Pennsylvania. In 1782, Fitch was held for at time as a prisoner of war by the British in Canada.

John Fitch is better known to history for his role in the development of steamboats. As the markers at this site note, Fitch's commercial steamboat ran between Trenton and Philadelphia in 1790, the first to operate on a regular advertised schedule. A museum in Warmister, Pennsylvania is dedicated to Fitch's accomplishments in the field of steamboats. See the John Fitch Steamboat Museum's website for more information: www.fitch-steamboat-museum.org

John Fitch died by suicide some time between June 25 and July 18, 1798. [4]

Trenton New Jersey in the Revolutionary War
ST. MICHAEL'S CHURCH
And Washington 1775 Route Marker
Revolutionary War - Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
George Washington- Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ

St. Michael's Church
140 North Warren St.
Map / Directions to St. Michael's Church
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

The St. Michael's Church website describes its Revolutionary War significance:
"During the Revolutionary War, services at St. Michael’s Church were suspended because of the mixture of loyalist and revolutionary sentiment in the congregation. The vestry passed a resolution on Sunday, July 7, 1776, to close the church for an indefinite period. This happened the day before the Declaration of Independence was publicly read from the steps of the Trenton Court House.

"Both the Continental and British armies occupied the church at intervals. During the Hessian occupation of Trenton, the building was used as a barracks and artillery pieces were stationed in the churchyard. When the Continental Army and George Washington surprised the Hessians on December 26, 1776, much of the fighting of the first battle of Trenton focused on St. Michael’s Churchyard. Later in the war, the church was used by the Continental Army as a hospital."   [5]

There is a plaque on the front of the church marking the route General Washington took from Philadelphia to Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1775 to assume command of the Patriot Army. [6]  On June 15, he had been appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental army, by Congress in Philadelphia, and passed through Trenton on June 23. He would arrive in Cambridge to take command of the army on July 3. Another plaque marking Washington's route is located in New Brunswick

Trenton New Jersey in the Revolutionary War
ABRAHAM HUNT HOUSE SITE
Abraham Hunt House - Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
Abraham Hunt House Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton NJ

Abraham Hunt House Site
Corner of W. State St. and N. Warren St.
Map / Directions to the Abraham Hunt House Site
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

A plaque on the N. Warren Street site of the building identifies this as the site of the house of Abraham Hunt. Hessian Colonel Johann Rall was entertained at the house on Christmas night of 1776.   [7]

Both Hunt and Rall are buried in the Trenton First Presbyterian Church Cemetery. (See entry lower on this page)

OLD BARRACKS
Old Barracks - Trenton NJ Trenton
Trenton Trenton
Trenton NJ
Old Barracks - Trenton NJ
Trenton NJ
Old Barracks
101 Barrack St.
Map / Directions to the Old Barracks
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

Old Barracks Website
Hours: Daily 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Closed Thanksgiving, December 24-25, Jan 1 and Easter

Admission:
$8 Adults,
$6 Seniors and Students,
Free for kids 5 and under with families

The Barracks was built in 1758. About 300 British and Irish soldiers were the first to live here during the French-Indian war. The building was then the largest in Trenton.

The Barracks was used by American troops at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. British prisoners of war from St. John and Chambly, Canada, were imprisoned in the Officers House. Four companies of the Second New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Line were raised here. When British and Hessian troops occupied Trenton in December, 1776, some of them stayed in the Barracks. After the Battle of Trenton on December 26, Americans troops returned to Trenton and used the Barracks. The Barracks became an army hospital under Dr. Bodo Otto In 1777. Throughout the war, many soldiers and supplies continued to pass through Trenton. The last soldiers in the Barracks may have been sick and wounded soldiers from the 1781 siege of Yorktown.   [8]

Trenton NJ Revolutionary War Sites
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH CEMETERY
Trenton, New Jersey
Trenton, New Jersey

First Presbyterian Church Cemetery
114 East State St.
Map / Directions to the First Presbyterian Church
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

There are 19 American Revolutionary War soldiers buried in this cemetery: [9]

James Francis Armstrong
John Beatty
Nicholas DeBelleville
Alexander Chambers
David R. Chambers
Robert Chamber
William Chambers
David Cowell
Ebenezer Cowell
John Cowell
James Ewing
Moore Furman
Smith Hill
Ellett Howell
Abraham Hunt
John Rosbruck
William Roscoe
Isaac Smith
Elihu Spencer

Hessian Commander Johann Rall, who died during the Battle of Trenton, is buried here as well.

QUAKER MEETING HOUSE AND CEMETERY
Quaker Meeting House - Trenton NJ
The Trenton Friends Meeting House - Revolutionary War

Quaker Meeting House & Cemetery
143 East Hanover St.
Map / Directions to the Quaker Meeting House and Cemetery
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

This Meeting House was occupied by the British Light Dragoons December 1776. [10]

George Clymer (1739 - 1813), who signed both the Declaration of Independence and the United State Constitution for Pennsylvania, is buried in the cemetery. Clymer is one of only six men who signed both documents. The other five were George Read, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris, and James Wilson.

Revolutionary War New Jersey
ALEXANDER DOUGLASS HOUSE
Trenton, New Jersey
Trenton, New Jersey

Alexander Douglass House
165 East Front St.
Mill Hill Park
Map / Directions to the Alexander Douglass House
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites


Currently closed during restoration

General Washington held a Council of War during the Battle of Trenton at this house, which was built circa 1760. At that time the house stood on what is now South Broad Street .

The house, which was originally a one room, two story "shanty", had been purchased by Alexander Douglass in 1769. Around 1800, Douglass added the two story front structure. The Douglass family retained ownership of the house until 1852.

The Alexander Douglass house has been moved several times. The house was first moved in 1876 to Center Street. In1924, the city of Trenton acquired the house and moved it to Mahlon Stacy Park. It was moved to this site, at the northwest corner of Mill Hill Park, In 1972 .   [10]

See next listing below for the original site of the Alexander Douglass House.

Trenton New Jersey in the Revolutionary War
ORIGINAL SITE OF THE ALEXANDER DOUGLASS HOUSE
Alexander Douglass House site - Trenton NJ
Alexander Douglas House site

Original site of the Alexander Douglass House
Lutheran Church

189 S. Broad St.
Map / Directions to Original Alexander Douglass site
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

SECOND BATTLE OF TRENTON SITE
Second Battle of Trenton NJ
Second Battle of Trenton NJ - Revolutionary War

Second Battle of Trenton Site
S. Broad St. and Factory St.
Mill Hill Park
Map / Directions to the Second Battle of Trenton Site
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

In the southwest corner of Mill Hill Park, a sign commemorating the Second Battle of Trenton reads, "On this site, late in the afternoon of January 2, 1777, General Washington's 'Little Band' of determined men and boys won the second Battle of Trenton. Having amassed a great concentration of artillery and small-arms power, the Americans withstood three powerful charges by the enemy and exacted a heavy toll in  killed and wounded. This stand enabled the Americans to outflank the enemy during the night and march on to another victory at Princeton, thus completing the ten days that kept a dying Revolution alive." [12]

There is another sign, on the other side of the park, which gives information about the history of the Mill Hill Historic District, including the Second Battle of Trenton.

Trenton New Jersey
WILLIAM TRENT HOUSE
William Trent House - Trenton NJ Trenton NJ Revolutionary War
Trenton NJ Revolutionary War Trenton NJ Revolutionary War
William Trent House Trenton NJ Revolutionary War Sites
Trenton NJ Revolutionary War Sites Trenton NJ in the Revolutionary War

William Trent House
15 Market St.
Map / Directions to the William Trent House
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

William Trent House Website

Hours:
Daily 12:30 to 4:00,
Closed Holidays
Admission:
$4 Adults
$3 Seniors
$2 Children

The Trent House was occupied by Hessian forces during the Revolution. It played a prominent role in the Battles of Trenton in December of 1776. Later, Dr. William Bryant, who was then the owner of the Trent House, was expelled for his Tory sympathies. The house was acquired by Colonel John Cox, a wealthy Philadelphia patriot and Deputy Quartermaster General of the Continental Army. He turned the grounds into a supply depot for Washington's army. [13]

TRENTON FERRY SITE
Trenton Ferry Trenton NJ Historic Sites
Trenton NJ Historic Sites Trenton NJ Historic Sites
Trenton Ferry Trenton New Jersey Historic Sites
Trenton New Jersey Historic Sites Trenton New Jersey Historic Sites

Trenton Ferry Site
Bloomsbury St. near Bridge St. Overpass
Map / Directions to Trenton Ferry site
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

When George Washington was elected the first president of the United States, the national capitol was in New York City. During April of 1789, Washington traveled from his home in Virginia to New York city, where he would be inaugurated President on April 30. This historic sign marks the site of the Trenton Ferry, where on April 21, 1789, Washington entered Trenton from Pennsylvania on his way to New York. He had received a reception in Philadelphia the day before. [14]

As the sign notes, a Trenton reception was held for Washington in City Tavern. which was located at what is now One West State Street. [15] (See the One West State Street Building entry lower on this page)

GEORGE WASHINGTON TRIUMPHAL ARCH SITE
Washington Triumphal Arch Trenton NJ in the Revolutionary War
Trenton NJ in the Revolutionary War Trenton NJ in the Revolutionary War
Washington Triumphal Arch Trenton in the Revolutionary War
Trenton in the Revolutionary War Trenton in the Revolutionary War

George Washington Triumphal Arch Site
South Broad St. and Lafayette St.
Map / Directions to the George Washington Triumphal Arch Site
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

After entering Trenton on April 21, 1789, en route to being inaugurated the new nation's first President, George Washington passed through a triumphal arch at this spot, which is now marked by the small plaque on the brick wall. [16]

John Marshall wrote the following vivid description of the event and the arch: [17]

"On the bridge over the creek which passes through the town, was erected a triumphal arch highly ornamented with laurels and flowers: and supported by thirteen pillars, each entwined with wreaths of evergreen. On the front arch was inscribed in large gilt letters, THE DEFENDER OF THE MOTHERS WILL BE THE PROTECTOR OF THE DAUGHTERS.

"On the centre of the arch above the inscription, was a dome or cupola of flowers and evergreens, encircling the dates of two memorable events which were peculiarly interesting to New Jersey. The first was the battle of Trenton, and the second the bold and judicious stand made by the American troops at the same creek, by which the progress of the British army was arrested on the evening preceding the battle of Princeton

"At this place, he was met by a party of matrons leading their daughters dressed in white, who carried baskets of flowers in their hands, and sang, with exquisite sweetness, an ode of two stanzas composed for the occasion."

The song they sang not only honored Washington, but made the contrast between the Washington's circumstances at this spot in 1776-1777, and their current moment as he went to assume the role of first president of the United States, tying together these two great New Jersey moments.

These are the words of the song they sang: [18]

Welcome, mighty Chief, once more!
Welcome to this grateful shore;
Now no more mercenary foe
Aims again the fatal blow;
Aims at thee, the fatal blow.

Virgins fair and Matrons grave,
These thy conquering arm did save,
Build for thee triumphal bowers.
Strew, ye fair, his way with flowers.
Strew your hero's way with flowers."

Before leaving Trenton, Washington wrote the following note "To the ladies of Trenton."  He himself notes the contrast between his experience here at the time of the Battles of Trenton, and as he was greeted as President-elect as this triumphant arch. He appears to be genuinely touched by the occasion. The note read as follows: [19] (To avoid confusion, I would like to point out that this is a letter written by Washington - he is referring to himself in the third person throughout the note. )

"General Washington cannot leave this place without expressing his acknowledgments to the matrons and young ladies who received him in so novel and graceful a manner at the triumphal arch in Trenton, for the exquisite sensations he experienced in that affecting moment.

"The astonishing contrast between his former and actual situation at the same spot; the elegant taste with which it was adorned for the present occasion; and the innocent appearance of the white robed choir, who met him with the gratulatory song, have made such impressions on his remembrance, as, he assures them, will never be effaced."

A section of the triumphal arch is displayed in the Trentonia room of the Trenton Public Library (see next entry)

A magnificent mural of Washington passing through the triumphal arch, painted by N.C. Wyeth, hangs inside the Wells Fargo branch at One West State Street. (See second entry following)

TRENTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
Displaying a Section of the George Washington Triumphal Arch
Trenton Public Library Trenton in the Revolutionary War
Trenton in the Revolutionary War Trenton in the Revolutionary War
Trentoniana Room Trenton NJ History
Trenton NJ History Trenton NJ History

Trenton Public Library
120 Academy St.
Map / Directions to the Trenton Public Library
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

Phone: (609) 392-7188
http://www.trentonlib.org

Trentonia Room Hours:

Monday - Thursday: 11:00am - 7:00pm
Friday  - Saturday:  9:00am - 5:00pm

A section of the Washington Triumphal Arch described in the above entry is displayed in the Trentoniana room.

Trenton, NJ
Trenton New Jersey in the Revolutionary War
ONE WEST STATE STREET
~ Site Of The Ratification Of The United States Constitution In New Jersey Marker ~
~ Many Meetings During the Revolutionary War Marker ~
~ George Washington Triumphal Arch Mural by N.C. Wyeth

Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton
Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton
Trenton NJ Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton
Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton Revolutionary War historic sites in Trenton
Trenton NJ Trenton
Trenton Trenton

1 West State Street
Constitution Ratification Site
Many Meetings During the Revolutionary War Marker
George Washington Triumphal Arch Mural by N.C. Wyeth (inside the Wells Fargo Branch)

1 W. State St.
Map / Directions to theses Sites at the Wachovia Bank Building
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

Plaques on the building commemorate several Revolutionary War era events that occurred at this site:  [20]
Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, met here from November 1, to December 24, 1784
• General Marquis de Lafayette made his final farewell to Congress during this session, on December 11, 1784
• New Jersey ratified the United States Constitution on December 18, 1787
• On April 21, 1789,  a reception was held here for Washington, following his greeting at the Triumphal Arch, when he was en route to the his inauguration as President in New York City (See the above three entries for more information about this)

A mural of George Washington passing through the triumphal arch, painted by N.C. Wyeth, hangs inside the Wells Fargo branch in this building
I highly recommend going into the building to see this mural. The photo above cannot really do the actual mural justice. The painting is huge.

SOUTH RIVER WALK PARK
South River Park Trenton New Jersey Historic Sites
Trenton New Jersey Historic Sites Trenton New Jersey Historic Sites
South River Park Trenton New Jersey
Trenton New Jersey Trenton New Jersey

South River Walk Park
Park your car in Waterfront Park, and then walk up the stairs to South River Walk Park
Map / Directions to South River Walk Park
Map / Directions to all Trenton Revolutionary War Sites

South River Walk Park is an esplanade along the Delaware River. It features a series of historical plaques set into pavement that tell the history of Trenton. One of these plaque is about the Battles of Trenton (pictured above). The text of this plaque reads: [21]

"By December of 1776, the Continental Army had withdrawn in disarray from New York, across Central New Jersey and the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. The British were in complacent pursuit, confident that it was only a matter of weeks or months before General Washington capitulated. Then, in a remarkable turn of events, on Christmas Day and the day following, the American forces regrouped and launched a surprise counter-attack on Trenton, thereby infusing new life into the Revolutionary cause and changing the course of the war.

"The First Battle of Trenton was preceded by Washington's nighttime crossing of the Delaware at McKonkey's Ferry, present-day Washington Crossing, and a nine-mile march to the edge of town. In the early morning of December 26 the American troops caught the British-paid Hessian garrison at the Trenton Barracks unawares and soon forced their surrender. Washington withdrew most of his troops across the Delaware into Pennsylvania again to plan his next move.

"A week later, as an advance British contingent entered Trenton, Washington successfully defended the South Broad Street crossing of the Assunpink Creek. This action, the Second Battle of Trenton, bought the American forces valuable time in which to set up another successful surprise attack on the main body of British troops at Princeton the following day. This series of engagements in Trenton and Princeton dramatically boosted American morale and showed the vulnerability of the ponderous British Army to fast-moving and well-chosen assaults by Washington's troops."

Trenton New Jersey in the Revolutionary War
WASHINGTON'S ROUTE FROM TRENTON TO PRINCETON OBELISKS

12 Obelisks Marking Washington's Route from Trenton to Princeton
Map of Route of all 12 obelisks, from Trenton to Princeton

These twelve obelisks mark the route taken by General Washington and his troops after the Second Battle of Trenton to the Battle of Princeton.

Although these markers work their way through Hamilton, Mercerville, Lawrence and into Princeton, they are all listed and pictured here on the Trenton page for the sake of convenience.

The obelisks were erected by the New Jersey Sons of the Revolution in March 1914. The actual construction and installation of the obelisks was done by the John L. & William Passmore Meeker company of Newark. The obelisks were most likely placed at their twelve locations some time in April or May 1914. [21]  The Meeker company ran a steam powered workshop on Market Street in Newark that made marble and granite monuments. They opened in 1860, [22] and were successful and noted enough to have received a commission from the state of New Jersey to create monuments to New Jersey troops at Maryland's Antietam Battlefield National Park in 1902 - 1903. [23]

Trenton Ferry Trenton New Jersey
Trenton New Jersey Trenton New Jersey
A March 8, 1914 article in the Trenton  newspaper Sunday Times-Advertiser reported that these obelisks were about to be built. The article described in great detail the construction of the obelisks, making a great point of how sturdily they were to be constructed: [24]

"The obelisks are to be made of the best Quincy granite and will be rock faced on all four sides. They will be eight feet tall, but two feet of this length will be set in the ground, imbedded in concrete, to make their removal all but impossible. They will be one foot six inches on each side. Bronze tablets, one foot wide by sixteen inches tall, will be set in the front face of each obelisk at little above the middle of the length. They will be recessed in the rock and fastened with the greatest firmness and by means of bolts that will be invisible from the surface of the tablets. The bolts will, morever [sic], be located at points in the tablet that would scarcely be suspected."

Sounds pretty sturdy to me.

Obelisks Trenton New Jersey
Trenton New Jersey Trenton New Jersey
First Obelisk - Hamilton Avenue at South Broad Street.
In front of the Sun Center National Bank.
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey
Trenton New Jersey Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War
Second Obelisk - Hamilton Avenue at Chestnut Avenue.
In front of Bank of America.
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War
Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War
Third Obelisk - 1800 Hamilton Avenue.
Inside Greenwood Cemetery.
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Fourth Obelisk - 1070 Klockner Road.
In Front of the Health Careers Center.
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Fifth Obelisk - 77 Christine Avenue / Hamilton, NJ
In front of the VFW.
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Sixth Obelisk - Quakerbridge Road near Clearview Ave / Hamilton, NJ
In Median
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Seventh Obelisk - 133 Youngs Road / Mercerville, NJ
In Front of Hamilton Fitness Center
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites Trenton New Jersey - Revolutionary War historic sites
Eighth Obelisk - Quakerbridge Road & Hughes Drive / Hamilton, NJ
At the corner
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey
Trenton New Jersey Trenton New Jersey
Ninth Obelisk - Quakerbridge Rd & Nassau Park Blvd / Lawrence, NJ
-In Median on Quarkerbridge - Partly hidden in the trees.
Obelisks Trenton New Jersey
Trenton New Jersey Trenton New Jersey
Tenth Obelisk - Quaker Road / Princeton NJ
D & R Canal State Park Trail, right by the parking lot.
Obelisks Trenton NJ
Trenton NJ Trenton NJ
Eleventh Obelisk - In a field next to Quaker Road / Princeton, NJ
Obelisks Trenton NJ
Trenton NJ Trenton NJ
Twelfth Obelisk - Behind Clark House in Princeton Battlefield State Park
- In the woods behind the house, on the walking path.

Sources:

1. ^  The Trenton Battle Monument page of the New Jersey Division of Parks and Forestry website

2. ^ New Jersey Society of Sons of the Revolution February 22, 1919.

3. ^ There are two markers at the site identify this as the location of Fitch's shop. One is a placed by the city of Trenton, and the other by the Kiwanis Club of Trenton (placed 1990)
The Trenton Historical Society book, A History of Trenton 1679-1929 Two Hundred and Fifty Years of a Notable Town with Links in Four Centuries, written by Mary Messler, supports this as the location of the gunshop. In Chapter 2 Messler states that, "John Fitch, then a gunsmith, had a shop on King Street". In the same chapter, she explains that the King Street of the time in now Warren Street.
This book is available to be read on the Trenton Historical Society's website Here

4. ^ Biographical information about Lt. John Finch was drawn from:
Thompson Wescott The Life of John Fitch - The Inventor of the Steamboat (Philadelphia: J.P. Lippincott & Co. 1857)
Available at the Internet Archive Here
The City of Trenton of Trenton sign in front states that the shop was "damaged by the Hessians in 1776". The Messler book (see above footnote) states, "The shop was burned by the British in 1776." The Wescott biography does not mention the fate of the shop after Fitch left the city.
Because of the confusion (Hessians or British; damaged or burned), I have chosen to leave mention of this out of the main entry.
However, I will state here that it makes sense that the gunshop would have been targeted in some way by the opossing forces after Fitch fled Trenton.

5. ^ Church History page of St, Michael's Church of Trenton website

6. ^ Erected by the New Jersey Society Sons of the American Revolution, June 23, 1914

7. ^  Sign erected by the Trenton High School class of 1904 on February 22, 1902.

8. ^ The Old Barracks website

9. ^ Names of Americans from a plaque on the front of the church, erected by General David Forman Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1933
Johann Rall's original gravestone is no longer in the cemetery. However, he appears a plaque in the cemetery listing, "Names of persons interred in the west yard of the church whose markers have been destroyed by time." Another modern plaque in the cemetery states that it is "Erected to the memory of Colonel Johann Gottleib Rall died 26 December 1776"

10. ^  Plaque on the Quaker Meeting House

11. ^ City of Trenton sign in front of the Alexander Douglass house

12. ^ Historic sign

13. ^ The William Trent House website

14. ^  John Marshall The Life of George Washington, Vol. 4 (of 5) ( Project Gutenberg EBook Edition: Release Date: June 15, 2006 [EBook #18594]) Chapter 4
Available at the Project Gutenberg website Here
John Marshall, who was the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, famous for the Marbury vs. Madison decision, was a contempory and admirior of Washington. His five volume biography of Washingtonwas originally published between 1804 - 1807, within a decade of Washington's death (December 14, 1799).

15. ^ The New Jersey State Historic sign at the Ferry Site states, "Reception held in City Tavern."

The Trenton Historical Society book, A History of Trenton 1679-1929 Two Hundred and Fifty Years of a Notable Town with Links in Four Centuries, written by Mary Messler, contains the following information about the history of City Tavern and its location in Chapter IV (emphasis on the name of the tavern added):

"This famous tavern stood on the southwest corner of King (now Warren) and Second (now State) Streets. From April 1, 1780, to February, 1781, it was called the Thirteen Stars, but when John Cape became proprietor in 1781 he changed the name to the French Arms, which name was retained until January 4, 1785, when the tavern was leased to Francis Witt. He had been the proprietor of a tavern on North King Street, called the Blazing .Star, and merely transferred the sign to his new establishment. The name was again changed, this time to the City Tavern, in April 1789, when Henry Drake became its proprietor."
This book is available to be read on the Trenton Historical Society's website Here

This information places the site of City Tavern at the corner of what is now Warren and State Streets. This is now the One West State Street building.

The One West State Street building itself has a sign over the door, placed by the New Jersey Society of Pennsylvania on December 11, 1915, telling of the history of this location, including, "And here General Washington dined and afterwards held a reception with the principal citizens of Trenton April 21, 1789, while en route to New York to assume the duties as first President of the United States."
A photo of this sign can be seen in the One West State Street entry above

16. ^  The plaque at this site, which reads, "At the bridge over the Assunpink Creek on April 21, 1789, the citizens of Trenton honored George Washington as he passed through a triumphal arch on his way to New York City to be inaugurated President of the United States." was placed by by the Kiwanis Club of Trenton in 1989

17. ^ John Marshall The Life of George Washington, Vol. 4 (of 5) (Project Gutenberg EBook Edition: Release Date: June 15, 2006 [EBook #18594]) Chapter 4
Available at the Project Gutenberg website Here

18. ^ George Washington; Edited by Jared Sparks The Writings of George Washington Volume 12 (Boston: American Stationers' Company, John B. Russel 1837) p. 150
Available to be read at Google Books Here

19. ^ George Washington; Edited by Jared Sparks The Writings of George Washington Volume 12 (Boston: American Stationers' Company, John B. Russel 1837) p. 150
Available to be read at Google Books Here

20. ^ The plaque over the entrance, placed by the New Jersey Society of Pennsylvania on December 11, 1915. mentions Congress meeting here, the Lafayette farewell, and the George Washington reception.
This plaque only gives the opening date of the Congress session. The opening and closing dates of this session are given on the website of the United States Senate.
• For more source information about Washington's reception at City Tavern, see Source Note 13 above.

Another plaque on the building identifies this as the site of the New Jersey ratification of the United States Constitution. This sign has the Great Seal of the United State, but no further credit for who posted the sign. It does note that "the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the ratification of the Constitution was here celebrated on the 11th day of November 1937."

21. ^ Text of The Battles of Trenton - Turning Point of the Revolution plaque at South River Walk Park

22. ^  "To Mark Washington's Route From Trenton to Princeton," Sunday Times-Advertiser [Trenton, NJ] March 8, 1914

23. ^  Richard Francis Veit, Mark Nonestied New Jersey Cemeteries and Tombstones: History in the Landscape  (New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press, 2008) p. 145
Available to be read at Google Books HERE

24. ^  Report of the Joint Committee on Treasurer's Accounts and of the State Treasurer to the Legislature of New Jersey / For the Fiscal Year Ending October 31st 1903 (Sinnickson Chew & Sons Company 1903) p. 235-236 HERE

25. ^  "To Mark Washington's Route From Trenton to Princeton," Sunday Times-Advertiser [Trenton, NJ] March 8, 1914