New Brunswick, New Jersey Revolutionary War Sites
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REVOLUTIONARY WAR SITES IN NEW BRUNSWICK, NEW JERSEY

New Brunswick NJ Revolutionary War Sites
NEW BRUNSWICK HISTORY MONUMENT
New Brunswick
New Brunswick NJ
New Brunswick History Monument
Albany St. and Burnet St.
Map / Directions to the New Brunswick History Monument

Map / Directions to all New Brunswick Revolutionary War Sites

The plaque of this monument describes many events in the history of New Brunswick, including some of Revolutionary War era significance:
   • British soldiers built a bridge in New Brunswick during the Revolution.
   • Along this street were famous Inns. George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Marquis de Lafayette were guests on historic occasions.
   • The Provincial Congress met in New Brunswick's White Hall from January 31 to March 2, 1776.
   • General Charles Lee was court martialed for his conduct at the Battle of Monmouth. The first five sittings of the court martial took place in New Brunswick from July 2 to 6, 1778.
   • Washington was in New Brunswick June 24, 1775. On June 15, he had been appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental army, by Congress in Philadelphia. He was en route to take command of the army in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which he would do on July 3.
   • Washington and his army in were in New Brunswick at times during 1776, 1778 and 1781.
   • From December 1776 to June 1777, the city was occupied by the British under Generals Howe and Cornwallis. [1]

ALBANY AND NEILSON STREETS
Inn Site / Frelinghuysen Marker / Washington Route Marker

New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey

Inn Site/ Frelinghuysen Marker / Washington Route Marker
Markers are on the building at  78 Albany St., which is now Due Mari restaurant
Map / Directions to this site
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The building at the corner of Albany St. and Neilson St., which is now Due Mari restaurant, has three historic plaques, all with connections to New Brunswick's Revolutionary War history.

One sign reads, "Under the rooftree of the inn which occupied this site General Washington tarried when in New Brunswick. On the adjoining square upon the arrival of the express rider The Declaration of Independence was acclaimed by all loyal citizens on July 9, 1776. New Brunswick was the third town in which the document was read." [2]  The actual reading of the Declaration of Independence in New Brunswick took place at Christ Church (See entry below)

Another plaque on the building commemorates the site of the first classes of Queen's College (Rutgers University) held here in November 1771, in what had formerly been a tavern called the Sign of the Red Lion. The first tutor was Frederick Frelinghuysen (1753 - 1804). [3]   Although the plaque does not mention it, Frelinghuysen went on to become an officer in the Revolutionary War. He is buried in Van Nest Burying Ground in Hillsborough Township (Somerset County)

A third plaque marks the route General Washington took from Philadelphia to Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1775 to assume command of the Patriot Army. [4]   On June 15, he had been appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental army, by Congress in Philadelphia. He would arrive in Cambridge to take command of the army on July 3. Another plaque marking Washington's route is located in Trenton

CHRIST CHURCH AND CEMETERY
Declaration of Independence Reading
Christ Church - New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick, NJ in the Revolutionary War
New Brunswick, New Jersey Historic Sites

Christ Church
5 Paterson St.
Map / Directions to Christ Church and Cemetery
Map / Directions to all New Brunswick Revolutionary War Sites

One of the earliest public readings of the Declaration of Independence was made at the foot of the church tower on July 9, 1776.  (Although the plaque on the church states that it was the third public reading, this is an error. There were three public readings the day before, in Trenton, Philadelphia, and Easton, PA) [5]

Brigadier General Anthony Walton White (July 7, 1750 - February 10, 1803) is buried in the cemetery. A plaque on his table gravestone states they he was "A member of General Washington's staff. Washington, Lafayette and Kosciuszko called him friend.  [6] The cemetery contains the grave of several other Revolutionary War soldiers, including: [7]

Captain George Farmer

Captain John Hodge
Died April 7, 1798, aged 65

Stephen Kemble
1740-1822
Loyalists who fought on the side of the British
Lt. Colonel - First Battalion of the 60th (Royal American) Regiment
FIRST REFORMED CHURCH CEMETERY
First Reformed Church Cemetery - New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey

First Reformed Church Cemetery
9 Bayard St.
Map / Directions to the First Reformed Church Cemetery
Map / Directions to all New Brunswick Revolutionary War Sites

This church was constructed in 1811 -1812. [8]

Revolutionary War soldiers are buried in the cemetery, including: [9]

David Abeel
Died October 30, 1840, aged 77

Abraham Bennett
(1747 - 1839)
Ordnance Sargent - Continental Line

John Boice
(1745 - 1778)
Middlesex County Militia

Garrett Nevius
Private - NJ Continental Line
1754 - 1830

Jasper Provost
Died July 5, 1854, aged 92

John Van Deventer
Fifer Middlesex County NJ Militia
1756 - 1846

John Van Liew
Private 2nd Regiment NJ Militia
December 19, 1756 - May 18, 1830

New Brunswick New Jersey - Revolutionary War Sites
BUCCLEUCH MANSION

Buccleuch Mansion
800 George St.
Map / Directions to Buccleuch Mansion
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Buccleuch Mansion Website  /   732 745-5094

Open for Tours:
Last Sunday afternoons of months June through October, and by appointment.

A plaque on the house explains its Revolutionary War history:
"Built about 1735 and occupied until 1774 by Anthony White whose wife was Elizabeth , Daughter of Governor Lewis Morris, and whose son was General Anthony Walton White. [Buried in Christ Church Cemetery - see entry above]
Owned and occupied from 1774 by General William Burton of the British Army.
Owned by the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates 1776-1783.
Occupied in 1775 by Colonel George Janeway and in 1777 while the British occupied the city by Enniskillen Dragoons.
Owned and occupied 1783 - 1798 by Colonel and Commissary General Charles Stewart." [10]

Buccleuch Mansion - New Brunswick

There are still saber and musket marks on the floors and banisters, from the time the house was occupied by British soldiers. After the war, when the house was owned by Col. Charles Stewart, it was visited by George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, General Kosciusko, General Gates, and John Hancock. [11] Stewart, who had served as General Washington's Commissary-General in the war, had another home in Franklin Township (Hunterdon County). He is buried at the Bethlehem Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Pittstown)

New Brunswick New Jersey - Revolutionary War Sites
ALEXANDER HAMILTON ARTILLERY BATTERY SITE
New Brunswick, New Jersey
Alexander Hamilton Artillery Battery

Alexander Hamilton Artillery Battery Site
Rutgers University Campus
George St. and Somerset St.
Map / Directions to the Alexander Hamilton Artillery Battery Site

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During the retreat across New Jersey that had begun at Fort Lee on November 20, 1776, Washington and his troops stopped at New Brunswick  from November 29 through December 1. Washington had hoped to engage the British in battle here, but decided that his own troops where not in the condition, and he decided to move forward on through Princeton and to Trenton.

On December 1 Alexander Hamilton's artillery battery were positioned here, providing cover for Washington's troops to continue their retreat  Hamilton's battery engaged in an artillery duel with the British who were on the other side of the Raritan River. This delayed the British advance, and allowed Washington troops to withdraw.

Captain Enoch Anderson later remembered, "A severe cannonading took place on both sides, and several were killed and wounded on our side." [12]

If you enter through the gate at George Street and Somerset Street, the site will be on the hill to the right, on the side of Kirkpatrick Chapel. It is marked with a sign erected by the Rutgers class of 1899.

New Brunswick New Jersey - Revolutionary War Sites
MEN OF RUTGERS COLLEGE WHO FOUGHT IN THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM MARKER
Men of Rutgers Marker

Men of Rutgers College Marker
Old Queens Building / Rutgers University
George St. and Somerset St.
Map / Directions to the Men of Rutgers College Marker

Map / Directions to all New Brunswick Revolutionary War Sites

A short walk from the Alexander Hamilton Artillery Marker is the Old Queens Building. A plaque at the entrance pays tribute "to the memory of the men of Rutgers College who fought for the cause of Independence in the American Revolution." [13]

HENRY GUEST HOUSE
Guest House, New Brunswick, New Jersey
New Brunswick, NJ
Henry Guest House Museum
58 Livingston Ave.
Map / Directions to the Guest House
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The Henry Guest House is not open for tours. However, it is has rooms that are available for meeting space.
For more information, contact the New Brunswick Public Library at:
732-745-5116

This house was built in 1760 by Henry Guest. Guest was a strong patriot, who corresponded with both John Adams and Thomas Paine. Paine, the author of Common Sense and The Crisis, stayed here in 1776.

Henry's son, Captain Moses Guest, served in the Revolutionary War, and was involved in the capture of British Lieutenant-Colonel John Simcoe, Commander of the Queen's Rangers.

The Guest house originally stood about a tenth of a mile north east of here, on Carroll Place (now called New Street) between Livingston Ave and George St.  It was moved to its current location, next to the New Brunswick Public Library, in 1925. [14]

Sources:

1. ^ The monument/plaque was erected by the Freeholders of Middlesex County in 1930.
The bulleted items listed in the entry text are all mentioned on the plaque. However some additional information has been added to several of these items in the text for this entry.

2. ^ Erected by The Jersey Blue Chapter Daughters of The American Revolution, 1913

3. ^ Plaque erected by the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New Jersey, November 2012
and
A Historical Sketch of Rutgers University
by Rutgers University Archivist Thomas J. Frusciano, available to be read on the Rutgers University Libraries website

4.  ^ Erected by the New Jersey Society Sons of the American Revolution, June 24, 1914

5.  ^ Historic plaque on the church

6.  ^ Plaque erected by The Jersey Blue Chapter - Daughters of the American Revolution 1908

7.  ^ Information from gravestones and markers in the cemetery
Stephen Kemble information from the Biographical Note to the Stephen Kemble Papers, 1780-1793 (Manuscripts Division William L. Clements Library University of Michigan)  Available online Here

8.  ^ Historical information plaque in front of the church

9.  ^ Names, dates, and military information from gravestone and markers in the cemetery

10. ^ Plaque on Buccleuch Mansion

11. ^ New Jersey Daughters of The American Revolution Website - Buccleuch Mansion page

12.  ^ Ron Chernow Alexander Hamilton (New York: The Penguin Group, 2004) p.83-84
and
David Hackett Fischer Washington's Crossing ( New York, Oxford University Press, 2004) p.130-131

The quote from Captain Anderson is from Personal Recollections of Captain Enoch Anderson, an Officer of the Delaware Regiments in the Revolutionary War Pg 25, which is included in:
Historical and Biographical Papers Historical Society of Delaware Volume 2 (Wilmington; Historical Society of Delaware 1895) Available to be read online at Google Books Here
Anderson does not mention Hamilton by name. He does state that he was "under the Command of Lord Stirling". Hamilton's Artillery Battery were also part of Lord Stirling's brigade.
  Anderson states that, "In the afternoon of the fifth of December, I think, the British appeared on the bank of the Raritan River". [emphasis added]
However, it appears that Anderson was incorrect in remembering the date, and that it actually occurred on the first. Anderson himself made the point that he was uncertain about the date, by writing "I think".

13.  ^ Plaque erected by the New Jersey Society of the American Revolution on November 10, 1916, the 150th anniversary of the founding of Rutgers college

14.  ^ Information about Henry and Moses Guest, and the Guest house, was drawn primarily from the Henry Guest House section of the Archives of The New Brunswick Free Public Library, available online Here.
  • If you visit these online Archives, look under the "Digital Archives" tab to see a copy of an original letter written from John Adams to Henry Guest in 1811.
  • The "Poems and Journal" of Captain Moses Guest were published in 1823, which included an account of his role in the capture of Simcoe. A description of this was included in:
"The Capture of Lieutenant-Colonel Simcoe, Commander of the Queen's Rangers," in Eugene F. McPike, ed.,Tales of our Forefathers and Biographical Annals of Families Allied to Those of McPike, Guest and Dumont (Albany NY: Joel Munsell's Sons, Publishers, 1891), 9 -19.  This book has been digitized and can be read at the Internet Archives Here.